This section describes the terms agreed by both countries to ensure fair trade between the telecommunications sectors in each country. In particular, the rules exclude measures related to the broadcasting or broadcasting of radio or cable television programmes. · Emphasis is placed on promoting compliance through consultations, joint action plans and trade-enhancing remedies. For the United States, the free trade agreement improved the overall trade deficit situation and created a trade surplus with Australia, which increased by 31.7% in the first quarter of 2005 compared to the same period in 2004. U.S. exports to Australia rose 11.7 percent in the first quarter of 2005 to nearly $3.7 billion in the quarter. Agricultural exports to Australia increased by 20%. [Citation required] The United States is the world`s largest and richest economic strength package in consumer markets. · The two countries also commit to extending the non-discriminatory scope of the agreement to sub-central bodies and will cooperate in the coming weeks with their respective states and territories to refine the scope of this coverage. · Australia and the United States have agreed on provisions on electronic commerce that reflect the importance of the issue for global trade and the importance of the provision of goods and services electronically as a key element of a dynamic e-commerce environment. Following the signing of the free trade agreement, there were initial fears that the U.S.
agricultural sector would put pressure on the agreement, fearing that it would harm the government`s agricultural subsidy program. However, the deal, which restricts imports of Australian agricultural products such as beef and sugar cane, has eased concerns in the US agricultural market (while many Australian producers have been heavily frustrated). Many members of the Australian film and television community expressed concern about the impact of the agreement on state rules, which impose a mandatory minimum of locally produced content on television. Given that U.S. content can be purchased by networks at a much lower price than local production of Australian content, there was concern that the deal would lead to a decrease in the share of national media on Australian television channels and an even greater reduction in Australian cinemas. As a result, the Media, Entertainment and Arts Alliance and a number of prominent artists individually supported the rejection of the free trade agreement on the grounds that it would harm Australian culture. o The Free Trade Agreement links Australia`s best practices in new investments and acquisitions and confers new rights on life insurance industries. The rules of origin section describes the rules for determining the origin of traded goods to determine eligibility as well as the method for determining the value of traded goods. · Requires transparent procedures for the registration of trademarks, including geographical indications. · An innovative implementation mechanism includes fines to enforce the trade, labour and environmental obligations of the trade agreement. The free trade agreement was ratified by the United States Congress with the passage of the United States Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act.
Adopted on 14 July 2004 by the House of Representatives by 314 votes to 109 and on 15 July 2004 by the Senate by 80 votes to 16, it was signed by President George W. Bush on 3 August 2004.  Australia has trade initiatives or trade agreements with the countries or groups of countries listed in the following table. . . .