According to Today, I have discovered that it is likely that Italy and Germany qualified as axis, at least informally, before the tripartite agreement. But it took longer for the mandate to continue with the Allies. Kenneth Janda and Stefano Mula of the Chicago Tribune write that before the Three-Pact, a revision of President Roosevelt`s public documents shows that he never used the term “axis.” He first spoke about it on November 11, 1940, and then used it publicly at least 157 times during the war. September 1931, Manchuria was the subject of a Japanese invasion during the Mukden incident. Italy, faced with resistance against its war in Abyssinia, stemming from the League of Nations, established an alliance with Germany, which had withdrawn from the League in 1933. The term was first used by Benito Mussolini in November 1936, when he spoke of a Rome-Berlin axis, inspired by the Treaty of Friendship signed between Italy and Germany on October 25, 1936. The two countries would be an “axis” around which the other European states could be articulated. Later, in May 1939, this relationship was transformed into an alliance called the “Steel Pact.” The tripartite pact, also known from the Berlin Pact, was an agreement between Germany, Italy and Japan, signed on 27 September 1940 in Berlin by Joachim von Ribbentrop, Galeazzo Ciano and Saburé Kurusu. It was a military defence alliance, followed by Hungary (20 November 1940), Romania (23 November 1940), Bulgaria (1 March 1941) and Yugoslavia (25 March 1941) and the German clientelistic state of Slovakia (24 November 1940).
Two days later, Yugoslavia`s accession provoked a coup d`état in Belgrade. Germany, Italy and Hungary responded by invading Yugoslavia. The resulting Italian-German clientelistic state, known as the independent state of Croatia, joined the Covenant on 15 June 1941. The Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind, the provisional government of free India, was a state recognized by nine axis governments and accepted by the Japanese as part of the axis.  The tripartite pact was, together with the anti-communist pact and the steel pact, one of the agreements between Germany, Japan, Italy and other countries of the Axis powers that govern their relations.  On that day, in 1936, the Italian dictator Benito Mussolini gave a speech in Milan celebrating a new treaty of friendship with Germany and a political reorientation of Italy. “This Berlin-Rome protocol is not an obstacle, but an axis around which all European states, driven by the desire for peace, can cooperate in the event of problems,” he told 250,000 people, flanked by a troop of Nazi officials.