The Us Helped To Negotiate A Peace Agreement In 1979 Between Israel And

In the summer of 1978, when peace ended in a tempting manner, negotiations continued. To break the deadlock, Carter invited Egyptian President Anwar el-Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin to a summit at Camp David and confiscated them for nearly two weeks, as the terms of a peace agreement were painstakingly drawn up. When, in the spring of 1977, Mr. Carter and Vance met with isolated Arab leaders and Israel, negotiations for a return to Geneva appeared to be improving. On May 17, 1977, an Israeli election shook the Carter administration, when the moderate Israeli Workers` Party lost for the first time in Israel`s history. Menachem Begin, leader of the conservative Likud party and Israel`s new prime minister, has been intractable on the issue of land exchange for peace. His party`s commitment to “Greater Israel” allowed Carter to become even more difficult in the summer of 1977. The future of the city of Jerusalem, which both Israelis and Palestinians want as its capital, was clearly and deliberately excluded from this agreement, as it was (and will remain) a highly controversial subject, which received new attention in 2017 thanks to President Donald Trump and his announcement of official recognition of the city as the capital of Israel. Although they were filled with great brass bands – Sadat and Begin shared the Nobel Peace Prize in 1978 and Carter received his own Nobel Prize years later – the Camp David Accords did not immediately end hostilities. It is perhaps not surprising that subsequent negotiations between Israel and Egypt proved difficult, leading Carter to visit both countries in March 1979 to address the remaining disputes. (For example, it would take years of international arbitration to resolve a border dispute.) Carter`s advisers insisted on the development of an Israeli-Egyptian agreement that would lead to a possible solution to the Palestinian issue. They believed in a short, loose and undistorted link between the two countries, which was strengthened by the creation of a coherent basis for a settlement. However, Mr.

Carter felt that they were “not aiming high enough” and was interested in creating a written “Land for Peace” agreement with Israel, which restores the Sinai Peninsula and the West Bank. [13] On several occasions, the Egyptian and Israeli leaders sought to abolish the negotiations, only to be re-enchanted in the process by Carter`s personal appeals. Although the successful conclusion of the Israeli-Egyptian treaty was a pioneering event, it was the flood mark of the peace process under President Carter. After March 1979, the subject would not receive the same attention in the United States because of competing calls for crises, notably in Iran and Afghanistan, as well as Carter`s desire to reduce his personal commitment in the next round of negotiations on Palestinian autonomy. For these talks, Carter appointed a “special negotiator” to represent the United States; Former Special Representative Robert Strauss held this position for a short time before being replaced in the fall of 1979 by Sol Linowitz, who had already participated in the Panama Canal Treaty negotiations. The talks did not bring much, as The Palestinian representatives refused to participate and the gulf between the Egyptian and Israeli positions on Palestinian autonomy, not to mention their respective positions on Israeli settlements in Gaza and the West Bank and on the legal status of East Jerusalem, proved insurmountable. Although the agreements were a historic agreement between two parties, often at odds, and Sadat and Begin shared the 1978 Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of this achievement (Jimmy Carter would win in 2002″for his decades of tireless efforts to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts), their overall importance is controversial because the region is still mired in conflict.

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